Salvador Dalí was born into a middle-class family on May 11, 1904, in Figueres, and passed away on January 23, 1989, at the age of 85.
He was essentially a self-taught artist, despite having studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid for three years, from which he was expelled for indiscipline in 1923 at the age of 19.
In 1928 he moved to Paris, where he was in contact with the surrealist movement. In 1929 he joined the Surrealist Group, which had been founded by the writer and poet André Breton. The surrealists were interested in the human subconscious and Freud’s theories of dreams, psychoanalysis, and hypnosis.
Politically, the surrealist movement had more or less Marxist and Communist ideas.
Around 10 years later, Salvador Dalí was also expelled from the Surrealist Group because they thought that his provocative behavior could damage the group. The friendship with Breton was also broken because of his unclear political ideas (it’s said that he never supported Franco and his dictatorship directly, but he wasn’t critical of him either).